Wednesday, May 6, 2020
One of the problems that we are facing today is that we have entered a century in which a brave new world is emerging where every day millions of teens around the world wake up afraid to go to school. Students are not just picking on other students anymore. Not surprisingly, even teachers are currently being bullied by teens as well. No matter the situation or approach utilized to execute the bullying it has developed into a problem that has been rapidly extending thus affecting millions of students across the nation and globe. As a result, bullying has generated concerns amongst many not only the children in the receiving end. Not to mention that bullying did not exist beforehand; it is different now. Lately, this worry has beenÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦More often than not bullying is undesirable and sometimes unavoidable. For many it is seen as the reality of growing up. However, it does not have to be like this. Bullying can happen anywhere at any given place. Examples would consist in hallways, playgrounds, restrooms, a school cafeteria, and even in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own room through the computer. One of the most agonizing aspects of bullying is the relentlessness, and there is no limit unless someone intervenes by putting an end to it. The reason why one individual decides to bully another individual is chiefly because when you make someone feel bad you feel as if you gained power over that person. Power makes people feel like they are better than others triggering a sense of superiority. It can also generate confidence through making others feel inferior. According to ( ) , defines bullying as Ã¢â¬Å"unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance in which the behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time.Ã¢â¬ With this in mind, bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose. Not many might have experienced bullying firsthand, but most people can recall a time in their life where teasing, name calling, and being shunned at the mall or at the movies took
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Describe the ethical theory agrees with the Researcher life. Answer: Introduction: The essay defines the virtue ethics, Deontology as well as Utilitarianism and explains some tenets, pros, and cons of it. The article also describes how these ethical terms can effect the human life as well as researcher philosophy or the way researcher deals his/her life following any of the philosophical terms. Virtue Ethics: According to the Greek philosopher Aristotle, Virtue defines some particular characteristics of human nature or human moral nature (Hursthouse 2013). To live a good life, people should know the demands of life. The life also defines another factor habit (Krner and Volk 2014). Basic Tenets: The primary focus of life is goodness. Goodness includes happiness as well as right doing to achieve the aim of life. Happiness depends on the moral ethics and the intellectuality. A real life is the function of habit. Pros and Cons of Virtue Ethics: The positive aspects of Virtue Ethics include solution of moral dilemma/value, options for life choice and emotion in reasoning etc. The negative aspects identify unclear ethics to solve the dilemma, complex relativity, the confused definition for Eudemonia, difficulty in choosing person, etc. Deontology: This ethical theory argues against Kant's theory and Hume's subjective theory of moral ethics (Hursthouse 2013). The idea of moral principles deals with pure will, principles etc. The transition to work is based on three steps; rational to philosophical to practical ( Krner and Volk 2014). Tenets of Deontology: Tenets of Deontology are based on three essential features; Rightness/wrongness, intrinsic moral value as well as universal moral principle. Pros and Cons of Deontology: The positive aspects of Deontology include the practical judgment of moral principles, laws of categorical imperative and the idea of will. The negative factors identify the lack of emotion, intuitional choice, and favorable economic distribution for lower classes etc (Krner and Volk 2014). Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism argues in the choice of right/wrong taking account of two theories; Bentham's calculus and Mills' theories respectively. According to Bentham's calculus, the rule includes identification of pleasure/pain as quantities. According to the calculus, the value of emotions depends on intensity, duration, proximity, Fecundity etc (Yu 2013). The quantitative approach scales emotions with positive and negative values (+4H means maximum happy and -4H means suicidal). Tenets of Utilitarianism: The tenets include the calculative as well as the qualitative approach in the choice of right/ wrong in life, hedonism as well as the order of pleasure ( Hayry 2013). Pros and cons of Utilitarianism: The positive aspects are a clear identification of pleasure / pain, the qualities and choice of pleasure etc. The negative factors are maximizing pleasure, altruistic idea, intuitional confusion etc. Ethical Theory agrees with the Researcher life: All the three theories deal with the idea of morality and ethics. In virtue ethics, the idea deals with duty and habit. Deontology takes the decision on moral principle. Utilitarianism makes the decision in the best-case scenario (Hayry 2013). The ancient theories of virtue and ethics deal differently with the modern life. All the theories have some practical aspects like a habit, the universal principle and love of pleasure etc. The theoretical ideas cannot be ideal for the practical life (Yu 2013). As an example, lying sometimes is the solution that is more moral but the second theory contradicts the idea. Considering the theories the virtue ethics with its idea of activity and habit is more suitable for modern life. Conclusion: The essay identifies the tenets of three essential theories; Virtue Ethics, Deontology, and Utilitarianism respectively. Moreover, the essay discusses the pros and cons of all the three theories and explains which theory will be more suitable to the present day as well as with the researcher life. References: Hayry, M., 2013.Liberal utilitarianism and applied ethics. Routledge. Hursthouse, R., 2013. Normative virtue ethics.ETHICA, p.645. Krner, A. and Volk, S., 2014. Concrete and abstract ways to deontology: Cognitive capacity moderates construal level effects on moral judgments.Journal of Experimental Social Psychology,55, pp.139-145. Yu, J., 2013.The ethics of Confucius and Aristotle: Mirrors of virtue(Vol. 7). Routledge
Sunday, April 19, 2020
A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams is a classic of American theater. Thomas P. Adler said that Ã¢â¬Å"it was the finest play ever written for the American stageÃ¢â¬ (Kolin 1). Exactly this play determined the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s themes, thoughts and ideals.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Stanley and Blanche Relationship in a Streetcar Named Desire specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More According to Harold Klerman, it is the only play that describes the personality, society and depicts realistically the reality of that time. The setting of the play took place in contemporary times. It is a story of a decline of a Southern lady Blanche DuBois. In this play, Williams disclose a wide range of themes. Among them are the themes of domestic violence, relationships of men and women, the fantasy and its confrontation with reality. One of the most important themes of the play turns around the relationships of the mai n characters, Blanche DuBois and Stanley Kowalski. These are two characters that are put in opposition. The climax of their opposition is the StanleyÃ¢â¬â¢s rape of Blanche. On one hand, this episode depicts a cruel attitude and immoral behavior, Ã¢â¬Å"Stanley is wrong and Blanche is right, the moralists agreeÃ¢â¬ (Fleche 500). On the other hand, BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s rape was inevitable (Fleche 500). And through the characterization of Blanche and StanleyÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship, I will argue that Blanche was raped. Blanche DuBois comes to New Orleans to her sister Stella married to rude and down-to-earth man Stanley Kowalski. Blanche and Stanley did not like each other from the very first second they met each other. Blanche saw Stanley beat his wife and behaved as an animal, Ã¢â¬Å"the primary example of physical abuse against Stella occurs in Scene Three, when drunk and angry, Stanley first tosses the radio out the window and then charges after his pregnant wife and strikes herÃ¢â ¬ (Koprince 46). Stanley is showed as a brutish person without moral qualities. However, Blanche is also not Ã¢â¬Å"an angelÃ¢â¬ . Her previous life is not perfect and all the manners and tenderness is just a mask to hide her Ã¢â¬Å"darkÃ¢â¬ past and alcoholism. The only person who suspects her and wants to show her real face to everybody, Ã¢â¬Å"and yet it seems Ã¢â¬Å"naturalÃ¢â¬ to read A Streetcar Named Desire as an allegorical journey toward BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s apocalyptic destruction at the hands of her Ã¢â¬Å"executioner,Ã¢â¬ StanleyÃ¢â¬ (Fleche 504).Advertising Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As it has already been mentioned, these two characters are put in opposition, however we cannot say that this is an opposition of good and evil. Thus, Blanche appears as a young, beautiful, and unhappy woman who survived the suicide of her husband and wants to start all over again. For the first time, we see her elegant and tender. The first impression is absolutely positive. She is so light and smart, she knows French and music. However, we do not know much about her past and it is also suspiciously. We guess that she lies and Stanley helps us understand it. The author is sympathetic to his heroine. He does not idealize her, on the contrary, he is quite objective: he shows her live to whiskey and relations with men after her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Ã¢â¬Å"Blanche who has never spoken an honest word in her life is allowed, indeed encouraged, to present her life to the audience as a vocational decisionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Toles 119). The Ã¢â¬Å"impurityÃ¢â¬ of BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s past suggests the final of the play and it is a quite logical completion of the story. The truth cannot be hide and everybody should pay for his/her actions. Blanche planned to marry Mitchell, but sooner or later, he would find out about her Ã¢â¬Å"sinsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"she cannot esca pe the status of victim, on many fronts, nor avert the plans which have led to her committalÃ¢â¬ (Toles 117). She could not expect other attitude to herself, especially in that social layer with it principles and relations between men and women. Thus, the character of Blanche can be interpreted as positive and negative at the same time, on the one hand Ã¢â¬Å"she has been enshrined as a hallowed representative of the Old South, a secular saint. On the other, negatively, she has been branded a nymphomaniac, a liar, an infectious source of destructive feminine desireÃ¢â¬ (Kolin 3). With this Ã¢â¬Å"imageÃ¢â¬ of a liar and nymphomaniac Stanley fought. Stanley appears as a person with animal nature. He drinks bear all the time, Ã¢â¬Å"copulates, play games, smashes light bulbs, paws through BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s wardrobe, throws plates on the floor, even commits rapeÃ¢â¬ (Cardullo 29). Stanley is a representative of a dark reality. He embodies the Ã¢â¬Å"prototypical battererÃ¢â ¬ . According to Susan Koprince, he has all signs of such person. Ã¢â¬Å"He is hypermasculine, believes in mailÃ¢â¬â¢s superiority and has dual personalityÃ¢â¬ (50). Those traits make him hate Blanche.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Stanley and Blanche Relationship in a Streetcar Named Desire specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More First of all, he hates her aristocratic past and he is outraged by her attempts to fool him showing that she is better than he and his friends. This is contradictory to his image of a woman. It makes him look for Ã¢â¬Å"dark spotsÃ¢â¬ in her past and he finds them. Stanley does everything to ruin life of this woman. It seems to be cruel and basely. However, he is the only person who supported the truth and Ã¢â¬Å"justiceÃ¢â¬ and reality. Stanley is a dark version of the salesman, selling the idealistic Blanche a harsh reality on the specious grounds that it is somehow good for h er and willing to use force, if necessary, to make the sale.Ã¢â¬ (Cardullo 30). The result of the confrontation of Stanley and Blanch was the rape. However, it cannot be considered as a cruel violation. Neither the context, nor the scene manifests it. In her article, Anna Fleche says, Ã¢â¬Å"she is the erring woman who gets what she Ã¢â¬Å"asksÃ¢â¬ for (her realistic antecedents are clear)Ã¢â¬ (507). This is the way other men treated her, this is what she expected, this is how a logical flow of things should be like. All the situation and Blanche herself Ã¢â¬Å"suggestsÃ¢â¬ rape to Stanley. If other men did it, why he cannot? Moreover, she does not resist but sinks on her knees and remains Ã¢â¬Å"inertÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"She is not only silent but crumpled, immobile, while he takes over control and agencyÃ¢â¬ (Fleche 508 ). Thus, the scene of the rape denies any emotions, it is a conflict that arises between two characters. In addition. With this action Stanley returned B lanche to reality. As George Toles mentions, Ã¢â¬Å"StanleyÃ¢â¬â¢s casually violent gesture recalls the rape and, less malevolently, repeats the realistÃ¢â¬â¢s inalterable lesson: those who live entirely in dreams will perishÃ¢â¬ (130). Thus, Blanche and Stanley are two characters put in opposition. Neither of them is perfect. Blanche lives with her dream and she constantly lies to hide a cruel reality and her real past. Stanley is a representative of this cruel reality which opens BlancheÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes through the violent action. However, both, with context, main charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ traits of character and actions, especially in the scene of a rape, the author coverts the meaning of the rape. Now, it is not just the act of violence, but the conflict that shows who is who in the play.Advertising Looking for essay on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Cardullo, Robert James. Ã¢â¬Å"Selling in American Drama.Ã¢â¬ Helen Dwight Reid Educational Foundation. (2007): 29-33. Fleche, Anne. Ã¢â¬Å"The Space of Madness and Desire: Tennessee Williams and Streetcar.Ã¢â¬ Modern Drama. Vol. 38. Issue 4. (1995): 498-509. Kolin, Phillip. Williams. A streetcar named Desire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Print. Koprince, Susan. Ã¢â¬Å"Domestic violence in A Streetcar Named Desire.Ã¢â¬ Southern Studies. Vol 7. Issue 2. (1996): 43-55. Toles, George. Ã¢â¬Å"Blanche Dubois and the kindness of endingsÃ¢â¬ . Raritan. Vol 14. Issue 4. (1995): 115-144. This essay on Stanley and Blanche Relationship in a Streetcar Named Desire was written and submitted by user Max Horne to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Saturday, March 14, 2020
Organism Physiology Essays - Cnidarians, Venomous Animals, Jellyfish Organism Physiology Organism Physiology There are many different types of organisms that could have been chosen for this assignment. Organisms are any living thing such as fungus, animals, plants, or micro-organism. It is a body made of organs, organelles, or other parts that will work together to carry on the various process of life. The organism I chose for this assignment is the jellyfish. The name ?Jellyfish? is a term that refers to the enormous variety of creatures that live in the sea. Some jellyfish live in fresh water. Jellyfish is an animal that belongs to phylum cnidarians, that is included in the class of scyphozoan. They are members of two groups that float freely or swim. The two groups are cnidarians and ctenophores. The type of jellyfish in the diagram is the scyphozoan medusa. They are the jellyfish that is commonly found washed up on seashores (Building Bodies of Jelly-Jellyfish, 2012). Jellyfish has two major body forms. The first body form is the polyp stage. This stage is characterized by the non-moving stalk that will catch food floating by. The second major body form is called the medusa stage. This form is characterized by the round body with hanging tentacles that will catch food (Hernandez, 2012). This form is more familiar to most people. The jellyfish feeds off of small fish and zooplankton that has been caught in their tentacles. They also have an incomplete digestive system, this means that both food intake and waste expulsion according to (Hernandez, 2012). The tentacles and oral arms are moved by its muscles. The jellyfish uses its oral arms and/or tentacles to move food to the mouth. Once the food is in the jellyfish?s stomach it is digested into broth within 6 hours. The liquid is transported around the animal by the circulatory system. Part of the waste are carried out through the mouth of the jellyfish. The canals of the jellyfish and stomach make up the gastroendodermal system. The jellyfish do not have an anus to release waste like humans and most animals according to (Building Bodies of Jelly-Jellyfish, 2012). In the jellyfish, it has cells that are grouped together into tissues which is also grouped into organs that all work together as an organ system. The cells, tissues, and organs along with the tentacles make up the jellyfish. The tentacles and other parts of the jellyfish are armed with the stinging cells that are called nematocysts. The nematocysts are well grouped into the stinging batteries. When each cell is triggered by a touch of the potential prey or predator that discharges a tiny thread where small harpoons will impale the victim and inject venom. A prey will be injected with dozens of harpoons. Harpoons are the tiny threads in a jellyfish that has poisonous venom. These harpoons are located in the tentacles according to (Building Bodies of Jelly-Jellyfish, 2012). Jellyfish has different types of nematocyst that are found in coelenterates. An individual must know which type of species in order to know what type of nematocyst it has. Different types of jellyfish species will determine how many tentacles it will have and if it has an oral arm. These arms are surrounded by the mouth of the jellyfish. According to (Hernandez, 2012) some jellyfish are not dangerous to humans but they are highly toxic. Some jellyfish does not have these arms. Jellyfish perform the functions of life through regulating the jellyfish?s internal environment. These parts of the jellyfish will allow the organs to still be evolving and become suited to its environment of today. In conclusion jellyfish are sea creatures that rely on their environment for all of life living. Jellyfish are unique sea creatures that have major body forms to help them catch food. The jellyfish uses their tentacles to protect themselves and to catch food. The many different types of organisms there are jellyfish was the most interesting. Jellyfishes are odd creatures that most individuals try to stay away from because of their toxic stinging cells called nematocysts. These stinging cells are located in the tentacles. Jellyfish has a complex life cycle that takes on a number of different forms. References: Building Bodies of Jelly-Jellyfish (2012). Retrieved from Jellyfish: http://cronodon.com/BioTech/Jellyfish.html Hernandez, B. (2012). What is Jellyfish?
Thursday, February 27, 2020
2 page-paper brief for a case - Essay Example SDI defendants aggressively marketed a test for diagnosing a common sleep disorder. According to an affidavit sworn by IRS Special Agent Julie Raftery, they at times billed twice for their services and made reward payments to doctors who participated in their tests. The US government claims that SDI employees who were in participating physiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ offices would persuade patients to take part in a sleep study. As the cardiac diagnostic companies doing business with SDI would claim to complete a report of the results of the sleep studies, SDI staff would put fake stamps bearing the signatures of physicians reports. SDI would then recommend that a patient should take part in further studies, in which the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s health insurer would pay for them. The affidavit revealed cases of suspected tax fraud. At the end of a 2 year investigation led by the Internal Revenue Service with the active participation of 4 other federal and state agencies, investigators concluded that SDI F uture Health, Inc. had committed Medicare fraud. Based on the results gotten from the investigation, IRS Special Agent Julie Raftery sought for a warrant to search SDIs premises on January 28, 2002. The warrant was based on an affidavit which had information collected from 3 former employees and 2 associates of SDI. Ã¢â¬âWhether the warrant incorporated Special Agent Rafterys affidavit can be evaluated to check if it meets [the Fourth Amendments] requirements. If incorporated, then the affidavit should be evaluated to see if it satisfies deficiencies in the warrant. The SDI defendants also purportedly forced patients to make visits to SDI clinics, and told them that their assigned doctors had asked them to participate in the sleep studies. The US government states that Kaplan and Brunk lack a base to challenge the search and collection of materials from SDIÃ¢â¬â¢s premises. According to the government, a corporate defendant has standing with respect to searches of corporate property and
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Plasma International and Blood Plasma Transfusions - Case Study Example Blood most especially the one provided through donations by third world countries at a low price should not be sold back to them at exorbitant prices. Blood should be available to anyone at any time without charge or obligation because donors donÃ¢â¬â¢t gain preference over non-donors. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with the writer because human blood, just like any other human body part should come at a price. People pay to replace their kidneys, arms, eyes knees even heart valves. Just like blood other body parts are as important so I donÃ¢â¬â¢t see why when it comes to the donation of blood it should be different. Just because blood comes from human who can continuously produce more, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean one can collect it freely(Zimmer.Preston n.d) There are many things involved before, during and after someone is transfused with blood that is costly. Starting with purchasing needles, collection bags, sterilizers, vacuum containers, equipment for laboratory testing to verify the purity of the blood. Medical practitioners, as well as the supplies they use like lab coats, latex gloves, and protective equipment, need to be purchased. Also, transportation cost from the donor to the recipient should not be left out. According to me, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not unethical if the company k eeps the price to receive donor blood affordable to the recipient. And as long as it operates legally, itÃ¢â¬â¢s fine with me. After all, medicine nowadays is profit generating as any other. The existence of blood market does not threaten the right to donate freely (Zimmer.Preston (n.d) There are facts that contradict my argument, the fact that marketing threatens all rights to receive freely donated blood. The commercialization of blood discourages voluntary blood donors; someone will be reluctant to donate freely knowing very well that someone will be financially profitable out of it (Paying donors and the ethics of blood supply. n.d.).Ã Still, it seems likely thatÃ when suppliers get paid, the would-be non-cash donor losses the sense that their contribution is necessary (GuÃËceri, FridmanÃ & North Atlantic Treaty Organization, 2008).Ã
Friday, January 31, 2020
Sound Pollution Essay It focuses not on the cliched environmental problems such as Global warming, but on an issue that is quite exceptional in nature- Noise Pollution. Its name quite clearly outlines its aim and purpose of existence*- Ã¢â¬ËAwaazÃ¢â¬â¢ is a Hindi word that means- Voice. Sometimes, in everyday language, it is also used in reference to noise. Voice, noise. Perfect. Its aim is to counter noise pollution. It may sound weird, but noise pollution is one of the most prominent environmental pollutants in India. It is quite exclusive to the metropolitan cities in India-Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta, Chennai, Bengaluru etc. Literally: Noise pollution is encountered almost every day in such places, whereas in the rural areas, it occurs periodically- noise pollution peaks during festivals- the beating of drums, trumpets, loud speakers, fire crackers, bombs etc add to the high-decibel noise made by the people during the harvest festivals and other religious festivities. In the cities and other urban sites, we can note that noise pollution is higher than usual during election times- the politicians about a hundred from each political party, which itself count up to seven hundred fifty from all over the nation, use loudspeakers that cross the maximum noise limit approved by the Supreme Court of India. The maximum decibel limit ranges between 125 and 145 db (db- Decibel; unit to measure the noise level) Especially during Diwali- a famous festival of light celebrated all over India by Hindus- involves bursting of firecrackers and bombs. These explosions and lights are mainly incorporated into these festivals to express joy and festivity. However, when a test to check the noise pollution caused by the firecrackers, was performed by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) and Awaaz Foundation before Diwali, it was found that at least 8 crackers crossed the decibel limits by considerable amount. Following many such incidents, the Awaaz Foundation has been quite active in spreading awareness of the ill effects of noise pollution by helping to shape up the government policies on the same. It has also organized two seminars: The first on the pollutant Ã¢â¬â Loudspeaker on October 2004 and the next concentrates on noise pollution caused by traffic and construction sites- the latter was conducted on February 2006. To talk about the actual effect that Awaaz has managed to create in the lives of the Mumbai citizens a) Several strategies and policies suggested by the Awaaz Foundation were accepted the Government of Mumbai and were implemented such as: Incorporation of noise parameters in the construction sites of the Mumbai- Nhava Trans Harbor Sea Link. Also it has agreed to be a Silence Zone after completion of the construction. Silence zone: region around a noise-producing source in which the noise is not audible. b) Under the foundations influence, a Ã¢â¬ËNo HornÃ¢â¬â¢ day has also come into practice. c) Noise Barriers have been introduced in the roads of Mumbai. d) Under its efforts, many other places have been declared Silence Zones. e) Monitoring of sound levels, especially during festivals and Political rallies have led to considerable decrease in noise pollution in Mumbai.Other activities undertaken by this foundation to gradually improve the environment of Mumbai are: Banning of Sand Mining in several Beaches, organizing a Workshop that discusses alternative methods on building and construction that do not use sand and participation in the Mumbai Tree Association are also its other initiatives. However these are not that prominent compared to their role in preventing Noise Pollution. Reference http://www.indianexpress.com/news/decible-levels/703669/